" Microwaving food in plastic containers or wrapped in plastic releases dangerous chemicals into the food "
True or false ?
Di(2-ethylhexyl)adipate (DEHA) contained in plastics can contaminate the containing food heated in a microwave.
DEHA is a phtalate, one of many types of 'plasticizers' commonly added to plastics. Most types of plastic, such as polyvinyl chloride, are rigid or brittle, not very useful if you are trying to make cling wrap or tupperware. Plasticizers make plastic malleable and flexible.
Plasticizers in general, and DEHA in particular, don't form a chemical bond with the plastic. While they are not soluble in water, other substances, like oils and fats, can dissolve phthalates out of the plastic. Heating phthalates can turn them into a gas or vapor.
Some types of phthalates have been shown to have health effects, including cancer. Some studies in the late 1990s linked exposure to high levels of phthalates to various health problems in rats and mice. In response to these studies, the Environment Protection Agency(EPA) in the US and European Union(EU) environmental health agencies classified some phthalates, including DEHA, as possible carcinogens.
Recent studies of DEHA and some other phthalates have not shown a link between phthalates and cancer. As a result of these studies, the EPA and EU agencies has reclassified DEHA as not a suspected carcinogen.
Does this mean DEHA is safe? By the current lights of science it is, but DEHA may be found to have health effects on further study.
What's not in dispute is that under some conditions, DEHA can leach out of plastic and into food. Oils and heat can dissolve DEHA into food.